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What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?: 12 years 10 months ago #1412

What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?:(Source: From Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy

A Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy based on modifying cognitions, assumptions, beliefs and behaviors, with the aim of influencing disturbed emotions.

The general approach developed out of behavior modification, Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, and has become widely used to treat various kinds of neurosis and psychopathology, including mood disorders and anxiety disorders.

The particular therapeutic techniques vary according to the particular kind of client or issue, but commonly include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting.

Relaxation and distraction techniques are also commonly included.

CBT is widely accepted as an evidence and empirically based, cost-effective psychotherapy for many disorders and psychological problems.

It is sometimes used with groups of people as well as individuals, and the techniques are also commonly adapted for self-help manuals and, increasingly, for self-help software packages.
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Re:What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?: 12 years 10 months ago #1413

What is cognitive behaviour therapy? (Source: MIND): www.mind.org.uk/Information/Booklets/Mak...e/MakingsenseCBT.htm

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) describes a number of therapies that all have a similar approach to solving problems, which can range from sleeping difficulties or relationship problems, to drug and alcohol abuse or anxiety and depression.

CBT works by changing people's attitudes and their behaviour.

The therapies focus on the thoughts, images, beliefs and attitudes that we hold (our cognitive processes) and how this relates to the way we behave, as a way of dealing with emotional problems.

An important advantage of CBT is that it tends to be short, taking three to six months for most emotional problems.

Clients attend a session a week, each session lasting either 50 minutes or an hour.

During this time, the client and therapist are working together to understand what the problems are and to develop a new strategy for tackling them.

CBT introduces them to a set of principles that they can apply whenever they need to, and which will stand them in good stead throughout their lives.

CBT is a combination of psychotherapy and behavioural therapy.

Psychotherapy emphasises the importance of the personal meaning we place on things and how thinking patterns begin in childhood.

Behavioural therapy pays close attention to the relationship between our problems, our behaviour and our thoughts.
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Re:What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?: 12 years 10 months ago #1414

What is CBT?: (Source: Cognitive behavioural therapy Published by BUPA's Health Information Team April 2004): hcd2.bupa.co.uk/fact_sheets/html/CBT.html

CBT is a combination of cognitive therapy, which examines unwanted thoughts, attitudes, and beliefs (called cognitive processes) and behavioural therapy, which focuses on behaviour in response to those thoughts.

CBT is based on the belief that most unhealthy modes of thinking and behaving have been learned over a long period of time.

Using a set of structured techniques, a CBT therapist aims to identify thinking that causes problematic feelings and behaviour.

The client then learns to change this thinking which, in turn, leads to more appropriate and positive responses.

For example, negative thoughts usually lead to upsetting or angry feelings which then affect our mood and our behaviour.

If a person is unable to counter such thoughts with a more positive stance, a negative spiral ensues and perceptions of a situation can become distorted.

CBT encourages the person to challenge their beliefs about themselves and their abilities so that they achieve a more realistic view of the situation.
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Re:What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?: 12 years 10 months ago #1415

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) - Leaflet: (Source: Leaflets Department - The Royal College of Psychiatrists): www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mentalhealthinformatio...aviouraltherapy.aspx

This leaflet is for anyone who wants to know more about Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

It discusses how it works, why it is used, its effects, side-effects, and alternative treatments.

If you can't find what you want here, there are sources of further information at the end of this leaflet: www.rcpsych.ac.uk/mentalhealthinformatio...aviouraltherapy.aspx
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Re:What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?: 12 years 10 months ago #1416

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT): Websites/Links:





[England] NHS to provide computerised CBT programs for anxiety, depressionhttp: www.anxietyinsights.info/england_nhs_to_...programs_for_anx.htm

Free computerised CBT for depression online: www.ehiprimarycare.com/news/item.cfm?ID=2243

Cognitive and behavioural therapy (CBT) for people with depression and anxiety: what skills can service users expect their therapists to have?: www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatisti...nsPolicyAndGuidance/ DH_078536

Improving access to psychological therapies (IAPT) programme: Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) implementation guidance: www.dh.gov.uk/en/Publicationsandstatisti...nsPolicyAndGuidance/ DH_073470

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