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What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: 12 years 10 months ago #1667

What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counsellor

A counselor (or counsellor) in mental health, psychotherapy or counseling is a licensed and professionally trained person who provides services:

*Rehabilitation Counselor: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rehabilitation_counseling a person assisting injured workers and persons with disabilities to obtain, maintain or regain employment.

*Marriage and Family counseling: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_therapy a method of study, understanding and treating disorders of the interactional whole of a family and its individual members as a family unit.

*School Counselor: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School_Counselor a person who provides systematic school guidance.

*Mental Health Counselor: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_Health_Counselor a professional who provides psychotherapy counseling to individuals or groups, but is also trained in vocational therapy and family therapy.

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Re:What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: 12 years 10 months ago #1668

What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: www.prospects.ac.uk/cms/ShowPage/Home_pa...pageno=1&idno=77

Job Description: www.prospects.ac.uk/cms/ShowPage/Home_pa...pageno=1&idno=77

Counsellors work with people on an individual basis, in a private and confidential setting, to explore a difficulty, feeling of distress, or dissatisfaction in life.

They provide a safe environment, listening to and encouraging clients to think clearly about their situation and perhaps consider a new perspective.

Counsellors do not give advice or direct a client to a solution, but help to enable the client to choose freely a way forward by reducing confusion and promoting understanding of their perspectives and behaviour.

There are a range of methods of counselling, each with its own theoretical basis.
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Re:What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: 12 years 10 months ago #1673

What is the difference between: Psychotherapy, Psychology & Psychiatry?: www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/details/Default.aspx?Id=290

There are quite significant differences between psychology, psychiatry and psychotherapy roles and they tend to deal with different types of problems, although there is considerable overlap in their work, below is a brief description of each of the careers and you can explore psychology and psychotherapy individually by clicking on the links in \"Related information...\"

What is psychology?: www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/details/Default.aspx?Id=290

Psychology is the study of people: how they think, how they act, react and interact.

Psychology is concerned with all aspects of behaviour and the thoughts, feelings and motivation underlying such behaviour.

Psychology is a discipline that is firstly concerned with the normal functioning of the mind and has explored areas such as learning, remembering and the normal psychological development of children.

Psychology is one of the fastest growing university subjects and is becoming more and more available in schools and colleges.

Psychologists deal in the way the mind works and motivation, and can specialise in various areas such as; mental health work and educational and occupational psychology.

It is useful to remember that psychologists are not usually medically qualified and only a small proportion of people studying psychology degrees will go on to work with patients.

What is psychiatry??: www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/details/Default.aspx?Id=290

Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who have qualified in psychiatry. They often combine a broad general caseload alongside an area of special expertise and research.

What is psychotherapy]?: www.nhscareers.nhs.uk/details/Default.aspx?Id=290

Psychotherapy is conducted in several different ways for example individual, group, couple and family psychotherapy.

They are all ways of helping people to overcome stress, emotional problems, relationship problems or troublesome habits.

There are many different approaches in psychotherapy, these are \"talking therapies\" which include:

cognitive behavioural therapies

psychoanalytic therapies

psychodynamic therapies

systemic and family psychotherapy

arts therapies

play therapies

humanistic and integrative psychotherapies


experiential constructivist therapies

A psychotherapist may be a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health professional who has had further specialist training in psychotherapy.

Increasingly there are a number of psychotherapists who do not have backgrounds in the above fields but who have undertaken in depth training in this area.

Consultant psychiatrists in psychotherapy are medical doctors who have qualified in psychiatry and then undertaken a three of four-year specialist training in psychotherapy.

Their role is in the psychotherapeutic treatment of patients with psychiatric illnesses.
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Re:What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: 12 years 10 months ago #1677

What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist, counsellor or psychotherapist?: www.bps.org.uk/additional-pages/faq/faqs...ology.cfm#difference & www.bps.org.uk/the-society/about-psychol...he-society/roles.cfm

All of these professions are interested in mental health but it is their approaches which make them different.

Psychologists have observed and measured human behaviour scientifically and have produced models and therapies based on this knowledge.

Learn more about related fields and professions: www.bps.org.uk/additional-pages/faq/faqs...ology.cfm#difference & www.bps.org.uk/the-society/about-psychol...he-society/roles.cfm

Related Fields and Professions: www.bps.org.uk/the-society/about-psychol...he-society/roles.cfm

Psychologists are not the only professionals involved in the care of people with mental health problems.

They often work closely with those in other fields, particularly in the NHS.

Here we have tried to explain some of the most common professions/fields.


Psychiatry tends to see mental distress as being a symptom of a ‘disorder’.

For example, lack of sleep or feelings of anxiety are symptoms of serious depression, which can be caused by wrong amounts of chemical substances in the brain.

Boosting the levels of these can relieve the symptoms of depression.

Psychiatrists will have a medical degree; they will also have completed two years of foundation training and a further six years of specialty training within psychiatry.

Because of their medical training, psychiatrists can prescribe drugs to alleviate distress (something other psychology-related professionals cannot do).

The Royal College of Psychiatrists: www.rcpsych.ac.uk is the professional and educational body for psychiatrists in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland.


Counselling is a way to explore the thoughts and feelings that may be causing difficulties in your life.

There are a number of recognised but distinct methods of counselling, typically humanistic, psychodynamic, cognitive or behavioural.

So counselling has developed from a theoretical base but not necessarily one that incorporates psychology.

Practitioners will want to be sure that what they offer is appropriate for you so they will be happy to explain their approach.

There are no legal minimum qualifications necessary to practise as a counsellor in the UK but many counsellors are members of a relevant professional association, such as The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy: www.bacp.co.uk who have a list of accredited counsellors: www.bps.org.uk/careers/areas/counselling.cfm

Counselling psychologists will have undergone psychological training.


Psychotherapy is the practice of alleviating psychological distress through talking rather than drugs; indeed, it is often referred to as talking therapy.

Some people use the terms 'counselling' and 'psychotherapy' interchangeably and there is much overlap between the two.

There are many different types of psychotherapy, and many ways of being trained, but the British Psychological Society believes that psychotherapy is best regarded as a post-qualification for someone who may be already working as a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health professional.

The Society operates it own Register of Psychologists Specialising in Psychotherapy: www.bps.org.uk/e-services/find-a-psychol...er/register_home.cfm this is open to appropriately qualified Chartered Psychologists and identifies those psychologists who have specialised in psychotherapy.

The United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy: www.psychotherapy.org.uk and The British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy: www.bacp.co.uk also publish registers listing approved psychotherapists.

Life Coaching:

The term coaching has become a popular name to encompass techniques that help clients make improvement in their life and achieve personal goals.

Coaching is not targeted at psychological illness but psychologists can be coaches and British Psychological Society has a group dedicated to the psychology of coaching, the Special Group in Coaching Psychology: www.bps.org.uk/coachingpsy

Again, there are no legal minimum qualifications to become a coach, although there are a number of self-appointed accreditation bodies.

Other types of therapy:

Art Therapy is a form of psychotherapy that uses the creation of art or craft to express and communicate issues that can then be explored via therapy.

See the British Association of Art Therapists for further information: www.baat.org

Dramatherapy has as its main focus the intentional use of healing aspects of drama and theatre as the therapeutic process.

See the British Association of Dramatherapists for further information: www.badth.org.uk

Psychoanalysis is based on the work of Sigmund Freud and explores unconscious conflicts of feeling, emotion and fantasy that could be at the root of symptoms and problems.

You may also hear of psychoanalytic psychotherapy, which draws on theories and practices of analytical psychology and psychoanalysis.

See the British Psychoanalytical Council for further information: www.bcp.org.uk

The Society’s Directory of Chartered Psychologists may also contain details of psychologists specialising in these particular areas: www.bps.org.uk/e-services/find-a-psychologist/directory.cfm
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Re:What Is An: Counselor/Counsellor?: 12 years 10 months ago #1680

What is the difference between Psychotherapy, Psychology and Psychiatry?: www.psychotherapy.org.uk/faqs.html

Here is a very general overview of the differences between Psychologists, Psychiatrists and Psychotherapists: www.psychotherapy.org.uk/faqs.html

*All 3 work with people who have emotional or mental difficulties.

*All 3 work both in the private sector and in the NHS.

*All 3 have had extensive training, and should be members of the relevant professional body

*A Psychologist is a general term for someone who has studied psychology, usually to degree level or beyond. Psychologists have observed and measured human behaviour scientifically and have produced models and therapies based on this knowledge. There are a number of different branches of psychology including Occupational Psychology, Forensic (Criminal) Psychology, and Educational Psychology, amongst others. A Clinical Psychologist or a Counselling Psychologist will have done further training (often to a doctorate level) to be able to administer psychological tests (personality tests, intelligence tests, etc.) and to be able to treat people with emotional or behavioural difficulties. For further information, go to the British Psychological Society web site: www.bps.org.uk

*A Psychiatrist works within a medical framework and so will have trained as a medical doctor first and then specialised in psychiatry. Psychiatrists diagnose and treat mental illnesses and disorders. Only psychiatrists and medical doctors can prescribe medications. For further information, go to the Royal College of Psychiatrists web site: www.rcpsych.ac.uk

*A UKCP Psychotherapist has had a four-year, post-graduate, in-depth and experiential training in how to work with a variety of people with a wide range of emotional and mental difficulties.

Psychotherapists are trained in one or more of the different modalities

For further information, please explore this UKCP web site.
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