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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1520

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Biofeedback: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biofeedback

Biofeedback is a form of alternative medicine that involves measuring a subject's bodily processes such as blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, galvanic skin response (sweating), and muscle tension and conveying such information to him or her in real-time in order to raise his or her awareness and conscious control of the related physiological activities.

By providing access to physiological information about which the user is generally unaware, biofeedback allows users to gain control over physical processes previously considered automatic.

Interest in biofeedback has waxed and waned since its inception in the 1960s; at the beginning of the 21st century it is undergoing something of a renaissance, which some ascribe to the general upswing of interest in alternative medicine modalities.

Neurofeedback has become a popular treatment for ADHD; electromyogram (muscle tension) biofeedback has been widely studied and accepted as a treatment for incontinence disorders, and small home biofeedback machines are becoming available for a variety of uses.

Its role in controlling hypertension is becoming recognised [1].
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1521

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Bodymind: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodymind

Bodymind is a compound conjunction of body and mind and may be used differently in different traditions and scientific disciplines.

The conceptual separation of body and mind may be charted to Cartesian dualism.

These different understandings often inform each other.

Bracken and Thomas state that: \"in recent years neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists have argued that this ontological separation of mind and body is no longer tenable.\"[1]

Buddhist philosopher, Herbert V. Günther has stated:

What we call 'body' and 'mind' are mere abstractions from an identity experience that cannot be reduced to the one or the other abstraction, nor can it be hypostatized into some sort of thing without falsifying its very being.[2]
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1522

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Body Psychotherapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_psychotherapy

Body Psychotherapy [1] (also known as body-oriented psychotherapy) is a branch of Somatic Psychology and Psychotherapy with origins in clinical psychology and in the work of Pierre Janet and Sigmund Freud [2].

Body psychotherapy addresses both the body and the mind as a whole with emphasis on the reciprocal relationships within body and mind [3].

One branch of body psychotherapy evolved from the work of Wilhelm Reich, author of Character Analysis and many other books, and who developed his form of \"Psychoanalysis\" into what he called Vegetotherapy or Character-Analytic Vegetotherapy.

When he moved to America in 1939, he proceeded to influence therapists both in the United States and in Europe. Many of these therapists practiced and developed their own (neo-)Reichian therapy.

Another branch has evolved out of Arnie and Amy Mindell's work with the dreambody [4].

Mindell, once a Jungian analyst, began researching illness as a meaningful expression of the unconscious mind.

This is an integrative approach to illness [5], which addresses the cultural, emotional, spiritual and physical connections that illness invites.

The dreambody is believed to be an organizing principle in the background somewhat like a morphogenetic field (sensu Rupert Sheldrake).

Other branches trace their roots to individual founders of distinctive forms such as Rolfing to Ida Rolf and biodynamic psychology to Gerda Boyesen (see below).

The term Body psychotherapy was utilised first in the 1980s as professional associations in this type of psychotherapy began to form.

There are now associations of Body psychotherapy around the world and many journals inclduing the USABP Journal of Body Psychotherapy.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1523

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Brief therapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brief_therapy

Brief Therapy is an umbrella term for a variety of approaches to psychotherapy.

It differs from other schools of therapy in that it emphasises (1) a focus on a specific problem and (2) direct intervention.

In brief therapy, the therapist takes responsibility for working more pro-actively with the client in order to treat clinical and subjective conditions faster.

It also emphasizes precise observation, utilization of natural resources, and temporary suspension of disbelief to consider new perspectives and multiple viewpoints.

Rather than the formal analysis of historical causes of distress, the primary approach of brief therapy is to help the client to view the present from a wider context and to utilize more functional understandings (not necessarily at a conscious level).

By becoming aware of these new understandings, successful clients will de facto undergo spontaneous and generative change.

Brief therapy is often highly strategic, exploratory, and solution-based rather than problem-oriented.

It is less concerned with how a problem arose than with the current factors sustaining it and preventing change.

Brief therapists do not adhere to one \"correct\" approach, but rather accept that there being many paths, any of which may or may not in combination turn out to be ultimately beneficial.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1524

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Classical Adlerian psychotherapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_Adlerian_Psychotherapy

Classical Adlerian individual psychotherapy, brief therapy, couple therapy, and family therapy follow parallel paths.

Clients are encouraged to overcome their feelings of insecurity, develop deeper feelings of connectedness, and to redirect their striving for significance into more socially beneficial directions.

Through a respectful Socratic dialogue, they are challenged to correct mistaken assumptions, attitudes, behaviors and feelings about themselves and the world.

Constant encouragement stimulates clients to attempt what was previously felt as impossible.

The growth of confidence, pride, and gratification leads to a greater desire and ability to cooperate.

The objective of Classical Adlerian psychotherapy is to replace exaggerated self-protection, self-enhancement, and self-indulgence with courageous social contribution.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1525

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Characteranalytic Vegetotherapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vegetotherapy

Vegetotherapy is a form of psychotheraphy that involves the physical manifestations of emotions.

The basic and founding text of vegetotherapy is Wilhelm Reich's Psychischer Kontakt und vegetative Stroemung (1935), later included in the enlarged edition of Reich's Character Analysis (1933, 1949).

The practice of vegetotherapy involves the analyst asking the patient to physically simulate the bodily effects of strong emotions.

This simulation causes the patient to experience the emotions simulated, thus releasing emotions pent up inside both the body and the psyche.

The catharsis of emotive expression breaks down the cathexis of stored emotions.

While experiencing a simulated emotional state, the patient may reflect on past experiences which should have caused that emotion, but where the emotion has not been fully resolved.

These emotions are described as stored emotions, and in Reichian analysis are seen as manifesting in the body.

Vegetotherapy relies of a theory of stored emotions, or affects, where emotions build tensions in the structure of the body. This tension can be seen in posture, facial expression or muscular stress.

Examples of vegetotherapy and interviews with analysts and patients who have undergone vegetotherapy, can be seen in the film Room for Happiness, directed by Dick Young and approved by the American College of Orgonomy.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1526

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Person-centered psychotherapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Person-centered_psychotherapy

Person-Centered Therapy (PCT), also known as Client-centered therapy, was developed by the humanist psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s.

He referred to it as counseling rather than psychotherapy.

The basic elements of Carl Rogers' new way of therapy was to have a more personal relationship with the patient to help the patient reach a state of realization that they can help themselves.

He did this by pushing the patient towards growth, great stress on the immediate situation rather than the past.

This way the person is able to use the therapy as a way to reach a better sense of self, rather than living in an irrational world.

Person-centered therapy is used to help a person achieve personal growth and or come to terms with a specific event or problem they are having.

PCT is based on the principle of talking therapy and is a non-directive approach.

The therapist encourages the patient to express their feelings and does not suggest how the person might wish to change, but by listening and then mirroring back what the patient reveals to them, helps them to explore and understand their feelings for themselves.

The patient is then able to decide what kind of changes they would like to make and can achieve personal growth.

Although this technique has been criticized by some for its lack of structure and set method it has proved to be a hugely effective and popular treatment.

PCT is predominantly used by psychologists and counselors in psychotherapy.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1527

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Co-counselling: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Co-Counselling

Co-counselling (spelled co-counseling in American English) is a grassroots, low-cost method of personal change based on reciprocal peer counselling.

It uses simple methods that can be seen as a refinement of \"you tell me your problems and I'll tell you mine\".

In particular, time is shared equally and the essential requirement of the person taking their turn in the role of counsellor is to do their best to listen and give their full attention to the other person.

It is not a discussion; the aim is to support the person in the client role to work through their own issues in a mainly self-directed way.

Co-counselling was originally formulated in the early 1950s by the American Harvey Jackins through a combination of his personal experiences gained in counselling sessions and personal adaptations of earlier theories such as Dianetics, as described by well-known historian of Scientology, Jon Atack in his biography of L Ron Hubbard,

A Piece of Blue Sky. Jackins founded the Re-evaluation Counseling (RC) Communities, with head quarters in Seattle, Washington, United States.

His son, Tim Jackins, is currently the international leader of Re-evaluation Counseling and its main affiliates.

There are a number of smaller, separate, independent organisations that have resulted from (originally) breakaways from, or re-workings of, Re-evaluation Counselling.

The principal of these is Co-Counselling International (CCI), which can be considered to be a fork away from RC.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1528

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_analytic_psychotherapy

Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT) was developed by Anthony Ryle.

This brief therapy was developed in the context of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom with the aim of providing effective and affordable psychological treatment which could be realistically provided in a resource constrained National Health Service.

CAT further evolved as an integrated therapy based on ideas from psychoanalytic therapy, cognitive therapy and Vygotskian ideas.

The model gives emphasis on collaborative work with the client, and focuses on the understanding of the patterns of maladaptive behaviours.

The aim of the therapy is to enable the client to recognise these patterns and understand their origins, and subsequently to learn alternative strategies in order to cope better.

CAT includes terms such as Snags, Dilemmas, Traps,and Sequential Diagrammatic Reformulation.

Recently the concept of core pain has been replaced by Reciprocal Roles and Reciprocal Role Procedure (Target Problem Procedure).

Typically the therapy comprises 16 sessions.

In the first 4 - 6 sessions the therapist collects all the relevant information.

After that s/he writes a reformulation letter to the client.

This letter summarises the therapists understanding of the client's problems.

Particular attention is given to understanding the connection between childhood patterns of behaviour and their impact on adult life.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1529

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cognitive_Behavior_Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy based on modifying cognitions, assumptions, beliefs and behaviors, with the aim of influencing disturbed emotions.

The general approach developed out of behavior modification, Cognitive Therapy and Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, and has become widely used to treat various kinds of neurosis and psychopathology, including mood disorders and anxiety disorders.

The particular therapeutic techniques vary according to the particular kind of client or issue, but commonly include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting.

Relaxation and distraction techniques are also commonly included.

CBT is widely accepted as an evidence and empirically based, cost-effective psychotherapy for many disorders and psychological problems.

It is sometimes used with groups of people as well as individuals, and the techniques are also commonly adapted for self-help manuals and, increasingly, for self-help software packages.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1530

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Coherence Therapy: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coherence_therapy

Coherence Therapy is a system of psychotherapy based in the theory that symptoms of mood, thought and behavior are produced coherently according to the person's current models of reality, most of which are implicit and unconscious.

It was founded by Bruce Ecker and Laurel Hulley in the 1990s.

It is currently considered among the most well respected postmodern/constructivist therapies.
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Re:An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling 12 years 10 months ago #1531

An List Of: Talking Therapies/Counselling For Mental Health/Depression: Concentrative Movement Therapy (CMT): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Concentrative_movement_therapy

Concentrative Movement Therapy (CMT) is a psychotherapeutic method for group and individual therapy which is based on thought models stemming from developmental psychology and depth psychology.

Taking as its point of departure the theory that perception is comprised of sensation and experience (Viktor von Weizsäcker), CMT is interested in the conscious perception of the body in the “here and now“ against the background of the individual life and learning story [1].
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